• The virtual protest and the fragility of social movement: the case of Albania

    Afrim Krasniqi (see profile)
    Item Type:
    Book chapter
    albania, civil society, Contemporary History, engagment, protests, South-East Europe
    Permanent URL:
    Over the 27 years of transition of Albania from a closed society to an open and democratic country, the nature of protests and social movements has been mostly sporadic, largely dominated by its (bad) political use, and by protests directed against allegedly abusive investment of foreign capital in Albania. The motives behind these particular profiles of protests and civic action are to be sought in the historical tradition and in the particular way in which the Albanian transition unfolded. Differently from most of the former communist countries, Albania did not have political movements in the 1950s, '60s or' 80s, and it also had no significant past tradition of social movements, trade unions, civic protests or a memory of democratic participation mechanisms. In recent years, due to the expansion of social media, the level of social awareness, civic pressure and protest has increased, and social media is effectively seen as the only independent public sphere. Yet in contrast to social and political movements in some Western countries, the Arab Spring, or other countries in the region, such as Romania, etc., the Albania’s social or political movements still struggle to become a factor of change and to effectively wield influence on the country’s political and public agenda.
    Published as:
    Book chapter    
    Last Updated:
    7 months ago


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