Materialism as Ideology: "There is no psychology of groups " (Allport 1927) = FALSE PREMISE + Geertz w/ no community & Social Cognitive theory w/o motivation VS Historical Evidence - Dharma, Confucianism, Kapwa-loob values - ethics (V. Enriquez)
There is an universal consensus among scientists that human beings are first and last social animals. IT would stand to reason then that relationships - and social consciousness - would be pivotal. In this complex society human beings simply would not be able to function is they didn’t have some form of functional social consciousness. Hinduism has had the pivotal concept of Dharma – social order and roles for almost two thousand years Confucianism had the central concept of self as others. The Filipino culture has the “Kapwa [shared identity] norm and value which si embedded in Filipino culture. Widespread in ancient African culture is the concept of Ubuntu – not advocated by Anglican bishop Tutu Ubuntu is a Nguni Bantu term meaning "humanity". It is sometimes translated as "I am because we are" (also "I am because you are"), or "humanity towards others"