• Филология, литература и символьная география Европы: Эрих Ауэрбах, Лео Шпитцер, Эдвард Саид, Стефан Цвейг и Гуго фон Гофмансталь

    Angel Valentinov Angelov (see profile)
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    Symbolic Geography and Frontiers in the Philology of Erich Auerbach (1892-1957) My purpose is to find the main motive why Auerbach chose to use the non-disciplinary term “European philologists” and what he meant by that. The first question pertinent to the subject of this study is: did Auerbach and the other great Romance philologists work from the very beginning with a consciousness of Europe and presuppose a common European horizon for their literary and linguistic studies? Or was this “European” consciousness formed gradually and later as a result of personal and social cataclysms? I was led to the conclusion that in addition to the First World War, the threat of another military conflict in the 1920s, foremost between France and Germany, also influenced the way part of the German Romance philologists rethought their academic pursuits. The second question is about the symbolic geography of European culture in the works of Auerbach. The synonymous use of Europe and Abendland distinctly reveals Auerbach’s dual, unifying/divisive understanding of the identity and the symbolic geography of European culture. If we accept the opinion that the European has been represented for centuries by the Romance, then the tasks of Romance philology as European philology would become clearer and the cultural geography of Europe narrower. The cultural-historical identification of Europe and Abendland after the Second World War solidified the anyway existing division of Europe into two blocs. Literary history and philology divided Europe in the way this was done by the relevant political doctrines too. The human sciences also contributed significantly to the creation of value-attitudes, and an investigation of the former from this perspective gives us additional reason to assume that the agreement on the division of Europe after the Allied victory was not based solely on strategic interests.
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