• ‘The Female Rumi’ and Feminine Mysticism: ‘God’s Weaver’ by Parvin Iʿtisami

    Author(s):
    Behnam M. Fomeshi (see profile)
    Date:
    2021
    Group(s):
    Cultural Studies, Feminist Humanities, Islamicate Studies, Poetics and Poetry, Religious Studies
    Subject(s):
    Iran, Area studies, Persian literature
    Item Type:
    Article
    Tag(s):
    Parvin Etesami, Iranian studies
    Permanent URL:
    http://dx.doi.org/10.17613/6p77-fz68
    Abstract:
    Parvin Iʿtisami (1907–1941), the first important twentieth-century woman poet of Iran, was well versed in classical Persian poetry. Her knowledge of English language and education at the American school for girls as well as her father’s translations from foreign literature contributed to her appreciation of modern ideas, including women’s rights. Unlike some of her contemporaries in the early twentieth century who tried to revolutionize the form of Persian poetry, she expanded the potentiality of poetic language in its traditional forms. Iʿtisami’s profound knowledge of mystical Persian literature and her awareness of gender inequality as well as her familiarity with Western literature, particularly Walt Whitman, contributed to introducing a character in the poem ‘God’s Weaver’, a spider who possessed characteristics of a female and those of a mystic. Through this character, Iʿtisami formed an association between femininity and mysticism and challenged the patriarchal system, particularly the patriarchal discourse of Persian mysticism and the lethargy of the (mostly male) mystics.
    Notes:
    British Journal of Middle East Studies https://doi.org/10.1080/13530194.2021.1971513
    Metadata:
    Published as:
    Journal article    
    Status:
    Published
    Last Updated:
    2 years ago
    License:
    All Rights Reserved

    Downloads

    Item Name: pdf the-female-rumi-and-feminine-mysticism-god-s-weaver-by-parvin-i-tisami.pdf
      Download View in browser
    Activity: Downloads: 460